indian parallel cinema

Ritwik Ghatak

Real art takes birth out of traumatic living conditions of an artist. And true art never gets recognition instantly. Ritwik Ghatak, a refugee from East Bengal (now Bangladesh), shattered by the traumas of partition, reflected his sorrows born out of witnessing the biggest man made tragedy in human history, the Indian partition. Influenced by the films of the master filmmaker, Eisenstein, Ritwik Ghatak made politically radical films. Even though he intended to use his films as a weapon for social change, the society he represented couldn't understand his films. Even the film critics in India neglected his talents during his short lifetime. He was a permanent absentee from film festival circuits and film awards. It was after his untimely death as a chronic alcoholic in 1975, critics of India started noticing his brilliant films.

Ritwik Ghatak's films influenced a new generation of film makers like Adoor Gopalakrishnan, John Abraham, Mani Kaul, Kumar Sahani and Kethan Metha, the names synonymous with Indian new wave cinema.


  • Nagarik (The Citizen-1952)
  • Ajantrik (Pathetic Fallacy-1958)
  • Bari Theke Paliye (Runaway-1959)
  • Meghe Dhaka Tara (The Cloud Capped Star-1961)
  • Komal Gandhar (1961)
  • Subarnarekha (The Golden Line-1962)
  • Titas Ekti Nadir Naam (A River Named Titas-1973)
  • Jukti Takko aar gappo (Arguments and a Story-1974)

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